St Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland, whose saint's day is celebrated annually on 30 November although there is no consensus on how St Andrew came to be Scotland’s patron saint.
Andrew was one of the original 12 apostles of Christ, and lived and worked as fisherman in Galilee. Very little else is known about Andrew's life.
He is said to have travelled to Greece to preach Christianity, where he was crucified by the Romans on a diagonal cross; this is represented by the diagonal cross, or 'saltire', on the Scotland's flag.
The event apparently took place on 30 November, hence the choice of day to mark his life. Saint Andrew was first made the official patron saint of Scotland at the Declaration of Arbroath in 1320.
Andrew's connection with Scotland relates to the legend that some of his remains were kept at the site that is now the town of St Andrews. A chapel was built to house the remains and became a place of pilgrimage.
In Scotland the day is also seen as the start of a season of Scottish winter festivals encompassing St Andrew's Day, Hogmanay and Burns Night. This is thought to originate from the reign of Malcolm III (1034–1093).
It was thought that ritual slaughter of animals associated with Samhain was moved to this date, so as to assure enough animals were kept alive for winter.
The best to enjoy it is to Visit Scotland where the atmosphere is the best.
Let's celebrate this day: to know where people come from, their culture and traditions helps to promote understanding and mutual respect.
Latha Fèill Anndrais